Surrogacy can be termed an agreement or a method where a woman provides her consent to carry the pregnancy for another person or a group of persons. As per such an agreement, it is these people who become the parent or parents of the child after it is born.
When do people look for surrogacy?
Well, there are certain situations when people look for surrogacy. In most cases, people seek such assistance when it is medically impossible for them to become pregnant. It could also happen that their health is in such a state that pregnancy can become too much of a risk for them.
Moreover, these days, homosexual couples – a couple that comprises two men, for the uninitiated – are also looking for surrogacy Ukraine assistance. It is not necessary that the lady willing to become the surrogate mother would be paid by the person or people who have tasked her with the job. In case she accepts money in exchange for the surrogacy it would be regarded as commercial surrogacy. In case she is only compensated for her medical and other expenses that may be termed reasonable it would be regarded as altruistic surrogacy. Normally the laws of surrogacy, as well as the costs of the same, tend to differ with respect to the country where it is being done.
It is also not that uncommon to find surrogacy agreements being reached between people between different countries or different states within the same country as such.
The different types of surrogacy
There are several ways in which surrogacy may happen and it all depends on the way that the egg is being fertilized. These ways have a definite impact on the genetic relationship shared by the child with its surrogate mother as well as the future parents. In this regard, there are two main kinds of surrogacy – traditional surrogacy & gestational surrogacy.
As far as countries like the United States of America (USA) are concerned gestational surrogacy is supposed to be the commoner among the two and it happens to have less legal complexities as well.
It is also referred to as partial, straight, or genetic surrogacy. In this case, the surrogate mom is naturally or artificially inseminated. In case the intended father himself contributes the sperm it means that the child is genetically linked to that person. If a donor sperm is used then the child thus born has no genetic relation to its future parents.
However, the child does share a genetic relationship with its surrogate mother. In some instances, the insemination may be performed in a private manner by the concerned parties. In these cases, a doctor or a physician may not be involved in the process. In some countries and territories, the parents who commission such births use donor sperms but they have to go through a process of adoption so that they legally have rights the child that is being born as a result of the entire process. In these cases, the fertility centers play an integral role by assisting these parents with the sperm.